Standard Repayment Plan
$30,000 Principal Amount; $50 Minimum Payment
Standard repayment plans are the default status on loans, unless otherwise specified. Standard repayment plans have minimum monthly payments, usually around $50. With the average student loan debt of $30,000, interest on a loan can add up quickly, so you may want to pay more than the minimum due.
Your monthly payment and total amount paid over the course of the loan will depend on your interest rate. Let’s look at some standard interest rates.
Federal Direct Loan; 4% interest rate. At this interest rate, your monthly payment would come to $304 per month. The total interest paid over the course of the loan would be $6,448, bringing the total amount paid to $36,448. The repayment period on standard loans is 10 years, or 120 months. Let’s see another example with a higher interest rate.
Federal Direct Loan; 6% interest rate. At this interest rate, your monthly payment would come to $333 per month. The total interest paid over the course of the loan would be $9,967, bringing the total amount paid to $39,967. The difference in total amount paid between these two loans would be $3519 over a 120-month period. That’s an extra $29 per month. In order to have an equivalent total amount paid compared to the first example, you would have to pay $2,650 towards the loan initially before interest applies.
Income-Based Repayment Plan; $30,000 Principal Amount; 4% Interest Rate
The income-based repayment (IBR) plans are only available to qualifying graduates. This repayment plan takes a percentage of your discretionary income and uses it to payoff the loan. The monthly payment will depend on your income. For those who are new borrowers, they will pay up to 10% of their discretionary income but never more than the 10-year standard repayment plan monthly amount. The median income for a college graduate in the United States is around $47,000 per year. Let’s look at two different incomes.
IBR; $47,000 per year income. At this income rate, your monthly payment would be between $245 and $304 per month. The total interest paid over the course of the loan would be $7,141, bringing the total amount paid to $37,141. The repayment period in this case would be 128 months, or 10 years and 8 months. Compared to the first standard repayment plan example, you would be paying a little less per month but a little more overall.
IBR; $35,000 per year income. At this income rate, your monthly payment would be between $145 and $304 per month. The total interest paid over the course of the loan would be $11,366, bringing the total amount paid to $41,366. The repayment period in this case would be 177 months, or 14 years and 9 months. This is an additional $4,225 in total compared to the higher income example and $4,918 compared to the standard repayment example. Although this plan costs more in the long-run, it may be a better option for those with low income. If your income is too low, you may not be able to afford the standard repayment plan monthly amount.
Student loan payments – key takeaways
In conclusion, different payment plans are clearly better for different borrowers personal situations and it’s most important to understand the different options before choosing a path.
A good rule of thumb is that the longer you stretch out your loan payments, the more you’ll repay in total (see “Why WOULDN’T I want to lower my monthly student loan payments?“).
Some borrowers may have so much debt that they qualify for loan forgiveness after 10, 20, or 25 years of payments. But loan forgiveness granted after 20 or 25 years in an income-driven repayment program is currently considered taxable income, so be sure to factor that into your calculations (loan forgiveness granted after 10 years of payments under the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program is not taxed).
For borrowers who don’t expect to qualify for loan forgiveness, refinancing with a private lender to reduce your interest rate can save thousands of dollars over the life of your loan.
For more on government repayment plans that are available to you, including IBR, PAYE and REPAYE, and refinancing options with private lenders, see:
- 3 steps to help you choose between refinancing and consolidating your student loans
- Understanding REPAYE: Credible’s guide to the new student loan repayment program
- How student loan debt can get you off on the wrong foot
*All calculations were made using the Federal government’s student loan calculator.