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If you’re in danger of missing a student loan payment and don’t have enough cash in the bank, you might be considering other options — such as paying student loans with a credit card.
Most student loan servicers don’t allow you to make payments with a credit card. While there are some potential workarounds (like cash advances or third-party services), using a credit card to make student loan payments comes with some major drawbacks.
Here’s what you should know about paying student loans with a credit card:
- Can you pay student loans with a credit card?
- Paying student loans with a credit card could cost you in the long run
- Alternatives to paying your student loans with a credit card
- There are better ways to catch up on your student loans
Can you pay student loans with a credit card?
Some private student loan lenders accept credit card payments under certain circumstances, but federal student loan servicers do not.
This is because the U.S. Treasury Department instituted rules that forbid credit cards from being used to pay debt obligations — including student loans. You can only make payments on your federal student loans from your checking or savings account.
However, there are some loopholes that allow you to use your credit card to make payments. For example, some third-party services — such as Plastiq — will facilitate using a credit card to make loan payments.
With Plastiq, you can make loan payments via ACH transfer, check, or wire transfer after submitting the information for your servicer and your credit card information.
Check Out: When to Refinance Student Loans
Paying student loans with a credit card could cost you in the long run
If you’re struggling to keep up with your payments, using a credit card to make your payments and avoid having any student loans in default can seem like a good idea. But using a credit card for your payments can have costly consequences:
- Cash advance fees: Most credit cards charge you a fee to take out a cash advance that is separate from the interest charges. For example, the fee might be 5% of the loan amount or $10, whichever is greater. If your loan payment was $300, you’d pay a $15 fee for a cash advance.
- Interest charges: Interest rates on credit cards are usually much higher than student loan interest rates. Federal student loans taken out for the 2020-21 academic year have rates as low as 2.75%. The average interest rate on credit cards, on the other hand, is 16.43% as of Aug. 2020, according to the Federal Reserve.
- Fewer protections: Student loans typically have more repayment benefits than credit cards. If you can’t afford your payments or are facing financial hardship, you could be eligible for deferment, forbearance, or alternative repayment plans. Credit cards don’t offer those protections, which means you’re on the hook for payments even if you lose your job or have a medical emergency.
- Higher debt-to-income ratio: By shifting your payments to credit cards, you’re increasing the amount of debt you have. This will cause your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio to rise. A higher DTI ratio can negatively impact your credit score and make it difficult to qualify for other forms of credit.
Alternatives to paying your student loans with a credit card
While there are ways to pay student loans with a credit card, it’s typically a bad idea. If you’re in danger of missing student loan payments, consider these other strategies instead:
Apply for deferment or forbearance
If you’re unemployed or facing another financial hardship, you might be eligible for student loan deferment or forbearance, which allow you to temporarily postpone your loan payments.
Federal student loans are eligible for up to 12 months of deferment or forbearance. Some private lenders also provide deferment and forbearance options.
For example, College Ave offers up to 12 months of forbearance for borrowers experiencing hardship, typically in three- to six-month increments.
Contact your student loan servicer
If you’re ineligible for forbearance or deferment, contact your loan servicer to discuss your options. Some lenders offer alternative payment plans that allow you to make lower student loan payments in cases of temporary hardship.
For example, RISLA offers an income-based repayment program. If you qualify, RISLA will extend your repayment term up to 25 years and cap your monthly payment at a percentage of your income.
Apply for income-driven repayment
If you have federal student loans, you’ll likely qualify for an income-driven repayment (IDR) plan. Under an IDR plan, your monthly payment is determined by your discretionary income and family size.
There are four IDR plans available:
- Income-Based Repayment (IBR): The IBR plan is available to borrowers who can demonstrate financial hardship. Your payments will be capped at 10% to 15% of your discretionary income, depending on when you took out your loans — though you’ll never pay more than what you would under the Standard Repayment Plan. Under IBR, you could have your loans forgiven after 20 to 25 years of payments.
- Income-Contingent Repayment (ICR): With ICR, you’ll pay the lesser of either 20% of your discretionary income or what you’d pay with fixed monthly payments over 12 years. You could have the remainder of your balance forgiven after making 25 years of payments.
- Pay As You Earn (PAYE): Your payment will be capped at 10% of your discretionary income on PAYE and will never exceed what you’d pay under the Standard Repayment Plan. Like IBR, you must demonstrate financial hardship to qualify for PAYE. Under this plan, you could be eligible for loan forgiveness after 20 years of payments.
- Revised Pay As You Earn (REPAYE): You’ll generally pay 10% of your discretionary income under REPAYE, though there’s no payment cap like the other IDR plans. Depending on whether you have undergraduate or graduate student loans, you could qualify for forgiveness after paying for 20 to 25 years.
Check Out: Refinance Student Loans With Bad Credit
Consolidate your student loans
Another option for federal student loan borrowers is a Direct Consolidation Loan. If you consolidate your loans, you can extend your repayment term up to 30 years.
While your interest rate won’t change (the interest rate on a consolidated loan is based on the weighted average of your previous debt), a longer term could reduce your payments.
If you have Parent PLUS Loans, consolidating them will also make you eligible for the ICR plan.
Learn More: Consolidate Private Student Loans
Refinance your student loans
Another potential way to make your loans more manageable is to refinance your student loans. If you refinance student loans, you could qualify for a lower interest rate. Or you might extend your repayment term, which will likely reduce your student loan payment.
If you decide to refinance, be sure to consider as many lenders as possible to find the right loan for you. Credible makes this easy — you can compare your prequalified rates from our partner lenders in the table below in two minutes.
|Lender||Fixed rates from (APR)||Variable rates from (APR)|
|Compare personalized rates from multiple lenders without affecting your credit score. 100% free!
There are better ways to catch up on your student loans
While paying student loans with a credit card might be appealing, it could cost you over the long run. Credit cards typically have high interest rates and fees, and they come with fewer protections than student loans.
If you decide that refinancing could help you manage your loans, remember to shop around and compare as many lenders as you can. This way, you can find a loan that fits your needs — which might include a lower interest rate or extended repayment term. You can easily compare multiple lenders with Credible after filling out a single form.
Use our calculator below to see how much you can save by refinancing your student loans.
Step 1. Enter your loan balance
Step 2. Enter current loan information
Step 3. Enter your new loan information to start calculating your savings
If you refinance your student loan at % interest rate, you can save will pay an additional $ monthly and pay off your loan by . The total cost of the new loan will be $.
Does refinancing make sense for you?
Compare offers from top refinancing lenders to determine your actual savings.
Checking rates won’t affect your credit score.